Detail View: The AMICA Library: The Belles Heures of Jean of France, Duke of Berry

AMICA ID: 
MMA_.54.1.1
AMICA Library Year: 
2000
Object Type: 
Books
Creator Name: 
Limbourg, Paul de
Creator Name: 
Limbourg, Herman de
Creator Name: 
Limbourg, Jean de
Creator Nationality: 
European; Netherlandish
Creator Nationality: 
European; Netherlandish
Creator Nationality: 
European; Netherlandish
Creator Role: 
Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 
Franco-Netherlandish, active in France, by 1399-1416
Creator Dates/Places: 
active in France, by 1399-1416
Creator Dates/Places: 
active in France, by 1399-1416
Creator Name-CRT: 
Pol de Limbourg
Creator Name-CRT: 
Herman de Limbourg
Creator Name-CRT: 
Jean de Limbourg
Title: 
The Belles Heures of Jean of France, Duke of Berry
View: 
folio 186v
Creation Date: 
1406-1408 or 1409
Creation Start Date: 
1406
Creation End Date: 
1409
Materials and Techniques: 
Ink, tempera, and gold leaf on vellum
Classification Term: 
Manuscripts & Illuminations
Dimensions: 
9 3/8 x 6 5/8 in. (23.8 x 16.8 cm)
AMICA Contributor: 
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: 
New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 
54.1.1
Credit Line: 
The Cloisters Collection, 1954
Rights: 
Context: 

Completed by 1408 or 1409, probably in Paris, 'The Belles Heures,' a private devotional book, was the first of several sumptuous manuscripts commissioned by the duke of Berry from the Limbourg brothers, Pol, Jean, and Herman. It is perhaps the only virtually complete and stylistically consistent prayer book to survive from the duke's extraordinary library. The richly illustrated text is amplified by unusual cycles reflecting the duke's personal interests. Using a luminous palette, the artists blended an intimate Northern vision of nature with Italianate modes of figural articulation. The keen interest in the natural world and the naturalistic means of representing it, so striking in ninety-four full-page and fifty-four column illuminations, foreshadow the work of Jan van Eyck and the ensuing generations of outstanding fifteenth-century painters in the South Lowlands.

Related Image Identifier Link: 
MMA_.cl54.1.1.folio186v.R.tif